Campania offers five UNESCO World Heritage sites are the destinations not to be missed.
UNESCO has placed under its protection the Archaeological Area of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata, which in 79 AD, were completely destroyed by Vesuvius. The volcanic lava marked their destruction but, at the same time, it allowed their exceptional conservation until today.
Naples strikes the visitor for its liveliness, for the beautiful colours of the sea but also for its history that can be seen in every corner of the old quarter, the largest in Europe, an authentic open-air museum.
Museo Archeologico Nazionale (National Archaeological Museum of Naples) has a collection that includes Greek and Roman sculptures, a famous mosaic of Alexander the Great, arms and gladiator's helmets, silverware from homes in Pompeii, plus the Medici collection of cameos and engraved gems.
The Royal Palace of Caserta, another UNESCO site, is a true masterpiece of art and architecture and houses several masterpieces. Visiting its interior is a continuous succession of works of art, stuccos, bas-reliefs, frescoes, sculptures and inlaid floors. The palace is of colossal proportions: four courtyards, 1200 rooms, more than 30 impressive stairways including the famous Honour staircase with 116 steps, and an immense park as a setting
Archaeology, nature and traditions, the three distinctive elements of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, with the archaeological sites of Paestum and Velia and Certosa di Padula, one of the largest monasteries in the world.
Paestum has marvellous Greek temples: the Temple of Hera, the oldest, the Temple of Neptune, the largest, and the Temple of Ceres, actually dedicated to the goddess Athena.
The Catacombs of San Gennaro – Naples is famous for the festival of San Gennaro (St. Januarius) where the blood of the saint miraculously liquefies. San Gennaro was originally buried in these catacombs, which are usually light and airy. The walls decorated with frescoes of the saint. (The entrance to the catacombs is to the left of the church of the Madre del Buon Consiglio.)